Toyon

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterEmail this to someoneShare...

ROSE FAMILY

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia
Habitat & Elevation Foothills, chaparral and woodland areas below 5,000′
Collection Berry: winter
(CAUTION Do not use leaves since they contain cyanide.)
Indigenous Names Nisenan jolos; Konkow lo’lo’si; Konkow lo’lo’si



Garden Section



Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia
Plant type Evergreen large shrub
Size 6′ – 8’x4 – 5′
Light Full sun to partial shade
Water Drought tolerant
Zone 7 to 10

Dark green, leathery leaves with serrated margins densely cover the Toyon, a large evergreen shrub. Clusters of small, creamy-white flowers develop from mid-spring to early summer and are followed by red berries that attract birds in the fall and winter. [17]

Toyons are drought tolerant once established, but will tolerate supplemental irrigation in welldrained soil. Their appearance is improved with occasional summer water (every 2 – 4 weeks). Toyons are relatively easy to grow and longlived, although they frequently appear weak for the first couple of years after planting.[18]

Use Toyons for erosion control, screening and background planting. Mix with Oak (Quercus species), Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica) and Ceanothus (Ceanothus species). They are considered to be fire-resistant when given summer irrigation.[17]



Food Section


Toyon Cider

Toyon Cider

Toyon Cider

  • Collect berries in winter

METHOD

  • Cover dried berries with water.
  • Bring to a boil and simmer for 20 – 30 minutes while crushing berries.
  • Strain and sweeten as desired.[5, 6]

TIP Toyon cider has a wonderful aroma and color. Fresh berries can be used, but dried berries are much sweeter.

Toyon Fruit Leather

  • Collect berries in winter
  • 4 cups fresh Toyon berries
  • ½ cup water
  • Lemon juice
  • Manzanita sugar, agave or honey
  • Cinnamon
  • Nutmeg

METHOD

  • Rinse berries and remove stems.
  • Place in a pot and cover with water.
  • Simmer for 15 minutes.
  • Add desired sweetener, lemon juice and spices to taste.
  • Cook for another 5 minutes.
  • Blend through food processor or blender until smooth.
  • Pour a thin layer about 1/8 ” thick onto a baking sheet.
  • Let dry in the oven, food dehydrator, or sun, covered with cheesecloth.
  • Cut into strips.
Wild Granola

Wild Granola

Wild Granola

  • Collect seasonal wild berries
  • 4 cups rolled oats
  • 1 cup chopped almonds or other nuts
  • ¾ cup coconut
  • ¼ cup maple syrup or Manzanita sugar
  • ½ cup vegetable oil
  • ¾ tsp salt
  • ½ cup prepared Oak nut flour
  • ¼ cup dried and ground wild berries (Madrone, Manzanita, Toyon)
  • ½ cup fresh berries if available

METHOD

  • Preheat oven to 300o.
  • Combine the oats, nuts and coconut.
  • Add syrup or Manzanita sugar, Oak nut flour, oil and salt.
  • Combine and pour onto 2 sheet pans.
  • Cook for approximately 1 hour, stirring occasionally.
  • Add ground berries.
  • Top with fresh berries just before serving.
“Beyond Cranberry” Wild Berry Sauce

“Beyond Cranberry” Wild Berry Sauce

“Beyond Cranberry” Wild Berry Sauce

  • Collect berries in winter
  • 1¾ cup fresh Madrone berries (stems removed)
  • ¼ cup fresh Toyon berries (stems removed)
  • 1 cup water
  • ½ cup apple juice
  • ½ cup honey
  • 1 tbsp arrowroot or organic cornstarch
  • 1 tbsp grated orange zest

METHOD

  • Mix berries, apple juice and honey in a pan and bring to a boil.
  • Simmer for 15 minutes.
  • Stir arrowroot or cornstarch into 2 tbsp apple juice.
  • Pour into berries and stir constantly while bringing to a boil.
  • Remove from heat and add orange zest.
  • Allow to cool before serving.
  • Store in refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

VARIATIONS If Toyon berries are plentiful, instead of Madrone berries, simmer 1 cup Toyon berries, 1 cup water, 1 cup apple juice and ½ cup honey and then follow the same recipe.

Ground Toyon Berries

  • Collect berries in winter

METHOD

  • Dry berries in a well-ventilated basket or at 200o for 10 minutes.
  • Grind into a fine powder.
  • Use combined with other flours or as a spice for a tangy, fruity taste.[6, 7]

2 comments on “Toyon”

Comments are closed.